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Get To Know Different Bicycle Parts

This post is for those who are new to cycling. Here I will try to give you a kind of introductory explanation on basic bike parts. Think of it as a sort of mountain bike for dummies as you read through this post. I will cover what I think are the most basic parts that everyone should know.


Okay, so when it comes to biking, there are a few things one must know. Close to the top of the list of things you must know are the parts of your bike. Don’t be embarrassed for those of you who are new to this; I have been at that stage where I couldn’t name two parts of my bike (which I was commuting with for months), even if it killed me. So rest assured you are not alone, but after reading this post, this will better inform you about your parts.

Different Bicycle Parts


Alright, this is one of the most basic of all the parts on your bike. You use this to navigate/steer your bike as you ride. On your handlebar, you will have your brakes, gears, bell, and even lights.


This is another basic part of the bike you should know. This specific part is made up of two pieces that are connected by a cable.

You have the actual brake, which is located above your wheel (the wheel is located between your brakes), and then you have the lever/controller, which you squeeze to activate your brakes to bring your bike to a halt. Also, this is one of the cheapest bike parts on the list for those of you thinking about assembling your own custom bike.


Your bike fork is basically the pair of bars that your front wheel is connected to.


The wheel is very much obvious to everyone, but it can be divided into smaller parts. First, you have your bike spokes and rim, which are like the inner body of the wheel. The spokes are those thin metal bars between the wheel, and the rim is the circular frame they are connected to.

Next, there is the tube which is found within the tire and above the rim. The tube is what keeps your wheel inflated, and it should have a hole. You will have a flat. There is also the quick release at the center of the wheel where the fork and spokes/rim connect. This gives you an easy way to release your wheel from the frame.


This is also very obvious and does not warrant any details. I usually refer to this as the skeleton of my bike. For those that are into assembly from used bike parts, I have known many persons who have built awesome bikes, starting with an old frame they found in the back of the garage or scrap metal yards.

Seat and Seat Pole

The seat is where you sit as you mount the bike and the seat pole is that adjustable bar connected from the frame to your seat.

Chain Ring

This is a part of the bike that is critical to being able to ride. This is that circular object on which your chain lies and is connected to the crank arm of the bicycle. It usually comes in different sizes, giving you the option of various speeds.

Crank arm

This is that short bar to which the pedal is connected. This allows your bike to accelerate as you place pressure on the pedal, which forces the chainring to move.


Like the chainring, this part is also important to be able to ride with the bike. This looks like a chainring but is smaller and located on your back wheel at the center where the frame and wheel connect.

Those are some of the most basic parts that every bike rider should know. I will go in-depth with more advanced parts and break down the mechanics of all you need to know about your best friend, the bicycle.

bicycle parts
bicycle parts

Bicycle Stands

This is another post in my series of biking accessories articles. In this post, I will be looking at bicycle stands, which are very useful in storing bicycles while the riders are away. I will be describing some types of stands there are their uses, and where you can most often find them. Read this post on other mountain bike accessories.

For those of you that use your bike as a means of daily commuting, I am sure that you have utilized a bicycle stand at some point while out running one of your errands. For example, you go to the supermarket, and you need to find a place to store your bike.

Most supermarkets I have visited have to bicycle stands at the front, where customers can store and leave their bikes when shopping. Similarly, in most other stores you go to whilst riding, you can expect to find some form of bike stand to leave your bicycle.

Types of bike stands

Serpentine bike stands – I have found this to be a very cool design in the stands department. This stand offers a very effective solution to bicycle parking and comes in varying sizes. Some are designed to accommodate two bikes, while others can provide for ten or more.

This stand gives cyclists many options for securing their bikes when locking; you can lock your bike at the wheel or by the frame. Many stores utilize this form of a bike stand, and you can also find them being used at parks or other places where cyclists visit frequently.

Lo-hoop cycle racks are the most common bike stand I have seen in my country as I visit various stores while commuting. It may be different for your country or place you live, but the noticeable thing with these stands is they allow for parking of many bikes in a row. The main disadvantage of these is that the only locking point you will have for securing your bike is at the front wheel.

Wall-mounted bicycle stand – I have found this to be an elegant design for a bike stand as it is sealed into a wall, and you park by fitting your front wheel into it, similar to the lo-hoop rack. Many stores will use several rows of these to provide for customers.

In addition to the above-mentioned stands, which you will find in public places, there are other types of stands which you can utilize, but at home or in a repair shop.

There is a wall-mounted rack that you can use at home to store your bicycle on the wall, thus taking up less space. Go here for further information on how to store your bike. You can buy these from different manufacturers, or they can be custom-made at home if you have the right tools.

For example, I have seen friends of mine use their ceiling at home as a rack to hang their bikes while carrying out repairs by strapping them with ropes and rods.

Many manufacturers produce a standard bicycle repair stand which you can easily find at your local bike shop if you think you really need one. You will find this very useful when carrying out many bike repairs, such as changing a wheel, as it saves you the trouble of having to flip the bike upside down, which can damage the saddle and handlebar grips.

Those are the most common forms of stands you can expect to contact as a cyclist.

Bicycle Panniers

Hey guys, I hope you have all been well and have been out there biking with your mountain bikes. Today, I will provide you with information on another bicycle accessory so you can add it to your repertoire when needed. For those of you that read my post on bicycle baskets (if you haven’t, go here), you will find great information here as this post will cover bicycle panniers.

What is a bicycle pannier?

A bicycle pannier is basically a pair of bags, containers, or boxes carried or attached to the sides of your bicycle. You can easily remove them from your bike if you need to and are used to store clothing, food, tools, your laptop, or any other items you may have to carry whilst out on one of your biking adventures.

Panniers are sold commercially by different manufacturers and can be found in your local bicycle shop, but they can also be made at home by using buckets, old book bags, garbage bags, or boxes.

Bicycle panniers are designed for facing various weather conditions. As such, you will find many of them are water-resistant, thus protecting your supplies in the event of sudden rainfall or storm. Because of this particular feature, you will find that they are usually more expensive than your typical bike accessory.

Uses of a bicycle pannier

You will find bicycle panniers to be extremely useful while you are on a bike tour. They can be considered your traveling bags, similar to how you would use a suitcase when taking a trip. Equipping your bike with multiple panniers will give you the option to store items according to category; for example, one bag for food supplies, one for carrying clothing, and yet another for taking biking tools or bike parts with you.

Because they are so easy to attach and remove, one can be used as a wallet or purse, which you can take with you if you decide to stop in a nearby town to do some shopping when out on tour.

The use of bicycle panniers is not limited to biking tours. However, you can just as easily use them when conducting basic errands in the city or carrying snacks whilst on a picnic. I have seen persons use cycle panniers for storing clothing when going to the gym, and there are many other ways to use them. It is all up to you.

How to properly use them

When panniers are used, one pair is attached to the front of the bike and the other pair at the rear (at the sides of the wheel) so that there is an equal distribution of weight along with the bike. Though you may say this is common sense, both panniers for each pair you attach to your bike must be more or less the same weight.

Failure to do this will result in you having a bicycle that is hard to steer/balance and dangerous/hazardous to be ridden on the roadways. In addition, I would recommend that you put your heaviest items in your front panniers and go lighter with the rear panniers to avoid putting too much pressure on your back wheel.

There you go, whether you decide to buy or make yourself a pair of bicycle panniers, you will see just how effective this piece of accessory can be in enhancing your mountain biking experience. I was hoping you could read my other post for information n other accessories here.

Bicycle Cover – How to Store your Bike

You may want to look at one specific way to store and protect your bike with the use of bike covers. Let’s take a look at how you can do so in this post.


One of the problems persons with bicycles usually complain about involves the decay of their bikes while in storage, whether for a day, week, months, or year. I had experienced this type of problem a few years back when I bought a new bike but could not use it because of time constraints with work at the office.

I parked the bike in a small space at home and left it there for quite some time, and it slowly began to be covered in a lot of dust and some of the bike parts decayed (especially the tire and tube).

Apart from that experience, there are other cases where I would use my bike for commuting, for example, going to the office. If there is rainfall during the day, when I return to my bike in the afternoon, the seat would usually be wet and is very uncomfortable to ride with. Friends of mine have also had trouble finding solutions to parking or storing their bicycles outdoors, whether rainy or sunny.


The best solution I have seen so far is to use a bike cover. It is a slim cloth designed with materials for covering and protecting your bike from rain, sun, or possible scratches. There are many types of covers out there from different brands and manufacturers.

Bicycle covers make it so much easier to store your bike, fitting from the very top to the bottom, covering the tires. I have found this to be very practical for, let’s say I leave my bike outside the house for a couple of days and there is weather variation,

I would not have to worry, or if I store my bike for a few months in the garage, I can protect it from accumulating dust with a simple bicycle cover. You can purchase a bike cover from Amazon. They have good selections available.

I recommend getting a bicycle seat cover for those of you who have experienced the problem I described at the beginning of this post with wet bicycle seats. For convenience, you might not always want to use the full bike cover, so you can use this easy solution quickly without taking up much time.

They are usually designed as a small piece of cloth material covering the entire seat, so in the event of rainfall, you will not have to worry about that annoying wet, squishy seat. These can also be found on Amazon.

As always, follow my simple yet effective tips and have a much better experience using your bicycle. In a previous post, I have gone into detail about other ways to store and protect your bike; go here to read it. Also, take a look at this post for information on essential bicycle accessories. Until next time, happy cycling and be safe.

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