Ping pong is a highly competitive game. The player has to keep the ball from hitting the table and the opponent’s side of the table. One way to do this is by using a ping pong racket. This racket has rubber on both sides, one red and one black.
A table tennis racket is usually made of wood or plastic, with an attached rubber surface. The rubber surface on one side is red and the other side is black. Even the rackets of professional players are no exception. So why are the table tennis racket red on one side and black on the other? What color is the forehand and what color is the backhand? It can be quite confusing for those who start to play table tennis.
The table tennis racket has to be red on one side and black on the other because it’s the only way to make it fair for both players.
The player who uses the red side of the ping pong racket can see where they are hitting it better than if they were using the black side. And vice versa, the player who uses a black ping pong racket can see where they are hitting it better than if they were using a red ping pong racket.
There were no color rules on rubber on the earlier day
In fact, in the earliest days, the ITTF did not have strict regulations on the color of table tennis rackets. A player can choose both sides to be red or both sides to be black.
However, we all know that Chinese table tennis players are very strong. Especially playing in world tournaments. Almost all championship tournaments have been dominated by Chinese players from many years ago until now.
And they are good at manipulating the rules. Since at the time when there was no rule stating where a table tennis racket need to be black color on one side and red on the other, the Chinese players are good at playing tricks by using both black rubbers or red rubbers on the racket. But on one side they will use the inverted rubber and on the other side, they will use the long pips.
Since both rubbers are having the same color with different functions of rubber, they managed to trick the opponent. The opponent gets confused to receive the shot where some time was vigorous and powerful, and sometimes the spin becomes less and erratically. This makes the opponent very hard to predict the shot and tends to lose many points and end up losing the game. Many players not only get confused by the trick played by Chinese players that use different rubbers with the same color, but they also felt very pissed off by this.
Therefore, after some time, the ITTF realized the issue and came out with new rules. where table tennis rackets no longer can have the same color for both sides. Instead, one side needs to be red and the other side needs to be black.
From then on, table tennis rackets are red on one side and black on the other to facilitate the distinction between the colors of the two sides during the game.
Furthermore, while playing table tennis, there are usually two players, who will stand on opposite sides of a table and compete with different colored table tennis paddles. In order to distinguish the batting side more conveniently, one side of the table tennis racket is red and the other side is black. This makes it easier for referees and spectators to see which side hits when a player hits the ball during a game. The red rubber on one side of the table also allows players to see the ball more clearly and react more quickly.
Rubber and Sponge
Some players, they are using a racket where the red side is called the “rubber” side. The rubber on this side is used to bounce the ball back over the net.
The black side of the table tennis racket is called the “sponge” side. The sponge on this side is used to create a more powerful push when you hit the ball with your paddle.
In table tennis, you have to use both sides of your paddle for different things during a game, so it’s important that both sides are different colors so you know which one to use at any given time!
For some players, they said black color will make people remain calm, while red will make people excited. Therefore, when come to playing table tennis, if you choose red as your forehand, it is likely to arouse your opponent’s emotions after hitting the ball many times. Your opponent will play more excitedly which will increase the difficulty for you to win the game.
Therefore, most professional players in the world will choose black as their forehand rubber, with the purpose of suppressing the opponent’s performance. But such psychology talk has no scientific proof so far.